Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with tumors. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist. The name’s etymological origin is the Greek word ὄγκος (ónkos), meaning “tumor”, “volume” or “mass”.
Oncology is concerned with:
- The diagnosis of any cancer in a person (pathology)
- Therapy (e.g. surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other modalities)
- Follow-up of cancer patients after successful treatment
- Palliative care of patients with terminal malignancies
- Ethical questions surrounding cancer care
- Screening efforts:of populations, orof the relatives of patients (in types of cancer that are thought to have a hereditary basis, such as breast cancer)
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